Background history on saint sofia

The structure has a total of columns, 40 in the lower and 64 in the upper gallery. All the walls of the Hagia Sophia except the ones covered by marble have been decorated with exceptionally beautiful mosaics. Gold, silver, glass, terra cotta and colorful stones have been used to make the mosaics. The plant-based and geometric mosaics are from the 6th century, whereas the figured mosaics date back to the Iconoclast period. During the East Roman period, the Hagia Sophia was the Empire Church and, as a result, was the place in which the emperors were crowned. The area that is on the right of the naos, where the flooring is covered with colorful stones creating an intertwining circular design omphalion , is the section in which the Eastern Roman Emperors were crowned.

Istanbul was occupied by Latins between and , during the Holy Crusades, when both the city and the church were damaged. The Hagia Sophia was known to be in bad condition in , when Eastern Rome took over the city again. The structure was fortified and was well protected after this period, and remained as a mosque. Additional supporting pillars were installed during the East Roman and Ottoman periods as a result of the damage that the structure experienced due to earthquakes in the region.

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The minarets designed and implemented by Mimar Sinan have also served to this purpose. This construction was abolished in the The remains have been discovered during the excavations in The two marble cubes dating back to the Hellenistic period 3 - 4 B. The 8- 7. Muhammed, Hz.

St. Sofia Basilica – Serdica, Sredets – Sofia, Bulgaria

Ebubekir, Hz. Word spread throughout Rome of the wisdom and beauty of the three sisters, and even the Eparch Antiochus wished to see them. When they were brought before him, Antiochus learned that they were Christians, for they did not hide their faith in Christ. Hoping in Christ, they did not doubt or falter in their love for Him, but before all they glorified Christ, showing disdain for the idols, hateful to God. Antiochus related all these things to the Emperor Hadrian, who immediately sent his servants to bring the virgins before him.

History of Hagia Sophia - the Church of Holy Wisdom

They told her that she was to come, together with her daughters, to the Emperor. They went forth, frequently looking up to the heavens, committing themselves with sighs and silent prayers to the help of Him Who commanded us to fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul. They rendered him fitting honor but stood before him without fear, their faces radiant, their hearts steadfast, their eyes gazing gladly upon all as though they had been summoned to a banquet.

Such was their joy with which they came to suffer torment for their Lord! Seeing their honorable, fair, and fearless countenances, the Emperor questioned the mother as to their lineage, names, and faith.

History of Sofia - Wikipedia

She, being most wise, answered so sagaciously that all were amazed at her prudence. Having confessed her faith in Christ Jesus, the Son of God, she called herself His handmaiden and gave praise to His name. The Emperor, seeing that Sophia was a wise woman, did not wish at that time to speak further with her or pass judgment on her. He laid the matter aside for a time and sent all four martyrs to a certain noblewoman named Palladia, whom he charged to watch over them and to present them on the third day to be judged. In accordance with your names, may you display firm faith, undoubting hope, and unfeigned and neverfailing love.

The hour has come for you to rejoice, for you shall be crowned with the crown of martyrdom by your most beloved Bridegroom and will enter with gladsome voices into His bridal chamber.

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  4. For the sake of life eternal, pity not the bloom of your youth nor hesitate to suffer the deprivation of this fleeting life, for your Beloved, Jesus Christ, Who dwells in the heavens, is eternal well-being and beauty inexpressible. When your bodies have been tortured to death for His sake, He will robe them in incorruption, and the wounds which you bear on your flesh will shine like the stars in heaven. When you have laid down your souls for your Lord and suffered the loss of your temporal lives, He will grant you life eternal, and He will glorify you unto the ages before His heavenly Father and before His holy angels.

    But love none of these things, for they all vanish like smoke and are scattered like dust by the wind and like a flower or grass wither and return to the earth. Neither be daunted by the prospect of grievous tortures, for having suffered them but a short while and having overcome the foe, you will rejoice forever. He will remain with you throughout all the tortures you will suffer, looking upon your struggles, strengthening your infirmity, and preparing a plaited crown for your reward.

    Remember the labors I endured in rearing you, remember my words by which I taught you the fear of God, and comfort your mother in her old age with your good and brave confession of Christ.

    When I am deemed worthy to be called the mother of martyrs and will behold you suffering bravely for Christ, confessing His holy name and dying for Him, I will have more happiness, joy, honor, and glory than any of the faithful. My soul will be magnified and my spirit will rejoice and I will be strengthened in my old age. Having obeyed the instructions of your mother you will truly be my daughters, if you contest for your Lord even unto the shedding of your blood and with fervor submit to death for Him. Being the holy branches of a sacred root, they desired with all their heart that which their most wise mother Sophia had taught them to thirst after.

    They stored her words in their hearts and prepared themselves for the contest of martyrdom as though they were to enter a bridal chamber. When the third day had come, the saints were brought to judgment before the impious Emperor.

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    I advise you as a father to worship the gods who rule the universe. If you obey me and do what I command, then I shall call you my own children. I will summon the eparchs, governors, and all of my counselors and shall adopt you in their presence, and they all will hold you in the highest respect and praise you. But if you do not obey me and do not submit to my ordinance, then much evil will befall you, and you will bring much grief to your mother in her old age.

    You will yourselves perish at an age when you should be happy and dwell amid the sweet, good things and the joys of this world. I will cause you to perish miserably and will cast out your severed limbs to be food for dogs, and you will be despised by all.

    Therefore, obey me, that it might go well with you. I care for you and do not wish to destroy your beauty and to deprive you of this present life; rather, I desire to have you as my children. His love we desire, and we wish to be called His true children. We keep His commandments, and we spit on your gods. Your threats do not frighten us, for we wish to suffer and bear bitter torments for the sake of our sweet God, Jesus Christ. The second is Hope, who is ten years of age.

    What Is the Hagia Sophia?

    Therefore, the Emperor had her stripped naked and ordered that she be beaten severely. Since the tormentor accomplished nothing by flogging her, he had her virginal breasts cut off.

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    Why does she suffer thus? Saint Sophia died in AD. She was born in Italy and so was her three daughters. Faith was only 12 when she died, Hope was only 10 when she died and Love was only 9 when she died. She became a saint due to the fact that she practiced Gods teachings and was a steadfast Christian. Saint Sophia accepted to suffer for the sake of Christianity and she was later slain because of her Christian faith.

    She gave away the riches she grew up with to help people and serve the Lord.