Birth records michael j mcgivney
And poor Irish Catholics desperately needed the security the fraternal benefit societies offered. One early solution was the formation of Catholic branches of existing societies.
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Reverend Michael J. McGivney, year-old assistant pastor at St. Mary's Church in New Haven, Connecticut, brought together a group of laymen with whom he discussed his dream for a Catholic fraternal benefit society. It not only would assist widows and orphans of deceased members through its life insurance program, but also would boost members' sense of pride in their Catholic religion, then frequently challenged in the anti-Catholic climate of 19th-century America. Father McGivney and his associates met several more times over the next several months to continue planning, and the new organization --the Knights of Columbus -- was formally launched in early February, The officers of the new Catholic organization chose the name Knights of Columbus to honor Christopher Columbus, the Catholic discoverer of America.
The word knights is also significant. We are ever mindful of the knightly qualities of spirituality and service to church that is embodied in the Knights of Columbus. The Order has evolved into a service organization with a strong family orientation.
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By the end of the Order was thoroughly rooted in New England, along the upper Atlantic seaboard and into Canada. Within the next eight years it branched out from Quebec to California, and from Florida to Washington. One of the primary missions of the Knights of Columbus is to support local charities. We also support other fund raising drives to aid local parishes and charities. The Knights of Columbus promotes family values by providing numerous activities throughout the year that the entire family can participate in.
Additionally, the organization provides an opportunity to ensure that a knight's family is provided for in the event of his death. Hierarchical Structure of the Knights of Columbus All members of the Knights of Columbus are Brothers, and belong to a local Council, and any group of at least thirty men may apply to found a new Council in their area. The highest elected officer of each Council is the Grand Knight, who, with the other Council Officers, is elected by the membership each year. All Council activities except Membership activities, fall into one of five Program Areas, each with a Director.
Several Councils within the same geographic area are grouped together in a District under the guidance of the District Deputy and his assistant, the District Warden. State Officers and Program Chairmen are analogous to those at the Council level and coordinate the activities of all the Councils throughout the State. At the Supreme Convention each summer, State Deputies and Representatives from each State, Territory, or Country meet to conduct business concerning the international operation of the Order.
The initiation ceremonies into each of these Degrees the ceremonies themselves are also called "Degrees" are the only facets of the Order which are not made known to non-members. The Degrees must be taken in order. Every applicant must take the First, or Membership, Degree before he can be considered a Member of the Knights of Columbus. Once he has taken his First Degree, he becomes a member in good standing in the Order.
To reach full Knighthood, members must also take the Second and Third Degrees, and all members are strongly encouraged to do so. Members must have taken the Third degree to be elected to Council offices or to enter into the Fourth Degree. Once a man has been a member of the Knights of Columbus for a year and has taken his Third Degree, he is eligible to join a Fourth Degree Assembly. The Fourth Degree has its own structure separate from that of the Council. Fourth Degree Assemblies gain their membership from Third Degree members of several Councils within a larger geographic area.
The most visible members of the Order are often the Fourth Degree Color Corps, with their colorful capes, chapeaux and sabers. The Fourth or Patriotic Degree. On February 22, , the first exemplification of that degree was held in New York City. The ritual added patriotism to the three original principles of the Order: Charity, Unity and Fraternity.
Any Third Degree member in good standing, one year after the anniversary of his First Degree, is eligible for membership in the Fourth Degree. The primary purpose of the Fourth Degree is to foster the spirit of patriotism by promoting responsible citizenship and a love of and loyalty to the Knights' respective countries through active membership in local Fourth Degree groups called assemblies.
Fourth Degree members must retain their membership as Third Degree members in the local council to remain in good standing. Certain members of the Fourth Degree serve as honor guards at civic and religious functions, an activity which has brought worldwide recognition to the Knights of Columbus organization. Robes and Jewels of Council Officers Each Council Officer has his own ceremonial robe and a metal emblem called a jewel worn on a ribbon around the neck. Officers' robes are all of the general design called the Columbus Robe.
It is a flowing robe with inserted yoke, usually white. The opening is in the back with invisible clasps. There are inner or coat sleeves and outer or flowing sleeves. There is a standing collar, open in front, and a cowl or hood. Three belt straps are provided around the waist for a cincture or belt containing two tabs.
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The cincture is worn so that the tabs hang down along the left side of the body, but not on the hip. The tabs are ended in fringe. The mantle, as prescribed for the State Deputy, Grand Knight and Chancellor, is a sleeveless coat with large arm holes, and is worn over the Columbus Robe. The Chaplain provides spiritual guidance to the Council. His emblem is the Cross, worn on a black ribbon.
The robe, too, is black with black trimming and yoke with white projecting collar. The cincture is black with silver fringe. He presides over Council meetings and is ex-officio member of all committees. His emblem, the Anchor carried on a purple ribbon, is indicative of Columbus, the Mariner.
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It has also been a variant form of the Cross for centuries. His is a royal purple robe with white cincture with silver fringe. A purple mantle with white roll collar is also worn. Rosensteel Council. His emblem, the Compass, was also used by Columbus, the Mariner.
Doug Oldmixon, IPSD, State Historian
The Knights of Columbus Compass, with its points being Charity, Unity, Fraternity and Patriotism, is known as the Compass of Virtue; its 32 flame-like rays represent the 32 virtues which may be possessed by men. Our charitable activities encompass an almost infinite variety of local, national and international projects. The history of the Knights of Columbus's involvement in community life is a record of outstanding benevolent achievement.
Knights volunteer in a variety of charitable enterprises to serve the people and programs of their communities. Volunteerism informed by Christian concern is the hallmark of the Knights of Columbus. It results in outstanding contributions of time and talent to the Catholic Church, our communities, families, young people and brother Knights.
Much of the success of the Order's volunteer record can be attributed to the fact that the Supreme Council does not mandate participation in any volunteer initiative. Fraternal and charitable programs arise at the grassroots level to meet the local needs. As the Order has grown, its benevolence has increased. The Order continues to break all of its previous records for charitable contributions and volunteer service.
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Supporting the Catholic Church has been a hallmark of the Knights of Columbus since its founding in From funding the restoration of the facade of St. Peter's Basilica in Rome to operating an usher ministry at a local parish, the Knights of Columbus serves the Church in countless ways. Local Knights and their families donate more than 25 million hours of volunteer time to the Church each year. Vatican Support. The Knights of Columbus provides support for the Catholic Church in many ways, including the funding of many important Vatican projects.
Church Loan. For more than a century, the Knights of Columbus has provided financing for church development projects. Support of Vocations.